The castle in Bytów

The castle in Malbork

The castle in Sztum

The castle in Kwidzyn

The castle in Olsztyn

The castle in Nidzica

The castle in Ostróda

The castle in Lidzbark Warmiński

The castle in Kętrzyn

The castle in Ryn

The castle in Gniew

The History Museum of Lithuania Minor

The Castle Museum

Museum of the History of the Bagrationovsk Region


The Bagrationovsk...

The castle in Prussian Eylau (Bagrationovsk)
The castle was established in 1325-1326. A flat hill with marshes and water reservoirs to its three sides was chosen as a suitable location for the fortress. The east wing most probably contained a gatehouse, the south wing housed the castle chapel while the north wing was connected to a sanitary tower. The whole of the first floor was occupied by the refectory, chapter room, bedrooms and chambers for the Teutonic official called der Pfleger. The second floor served a defensive function. The remaining rooms were used for household purposes.

During the times of the Teutonic state the castle as a seat of der Pfleger was an administrative centre for the nearby district and a fortified stronghold, which defended the southern access to the state capital, Königsberg. Today we are familiar with the names of twenty Teutonic castle administrators, including Konrad Wallenrod, the future Grand Master of the Teutonic Order in 1391-1393.
In 1336 the castle and the settlement outside its walls were named Prussian Eylau. In 1429 the castle was granted to Heinrich von Plaun in reward for his war services. Von Plaun's coat of arms later became part of the town's emblem. In the years to follow the castle often passed hands. After the dissolution of the Teutonic Order, the castle became a seat of the local administrative district. When the Kingdom of Prussia was formed, the castle housed the administration officials managing the royal domain. In the 18th century the castle became a private property, called Henriettenhof. In the early 19th century the building was badly damaged by a fire, after which it was not reconstructed and slowly fell into ruin.
Until the present day, the remaining parts of the castle include the foundations of the great hall and a complete Gothic granary. Today there are plans to prepare the whole castle compound to serve tourist functions.

Museum of the History of the Bagrationovsk Region
The Bagrationovsk administrative district contains sites associated with Napoleon Bonaparte's campaigns, well known in European history. On the 7th and 8th of February 1807 the French army, commanded by Napoleon, took part in a great battle at Prussian Eylau against the Russian army under Marshal Levin Benningsen, supported by Prussian troops led by general Anton L'Estocq.
The monument raised on the 50th anniversary of the battle has survived until today and is situated about 1 km south-east of the town of Bagrationovsk, towards the Russian-Polish border. It is a high obelisk made of sandstone, in the shape of a neo-Gothic spire, embellished with medallions showing faces of the commanders of the forces allied against the French Emperor: Benningsen, L'Estocq and Christoph Friedrich von Diericke, the commander of the 1st Division in the Prussian corps.. On each side of the monument there are canons dating back to the mid-19th century. The design of the monument was drawn at the workshop of Fredrich Stüler, according to the idea suggested by the Prussian king, Frederic Wilhelm IV.
In 1999, owing to the initiative of the Museum of the History of Bagrationovsk and the Napoleon Centre in Paris, a commemorative plaque was placed on the wall of the house at 19 Central Street, which is a remaining part of the building which housed Napoleon's headquarters from 7th to 17th February 1807. This house has been commonly known as Napoleon's house for years.
The Battle at Prussian Eylau is also remembered at the Museum in Bagrationovsk, which holds a large exhibition on this historical event, including a scale model of the battlefield, where the position of both armies is represented using lead model soldiers. Other mementos of the battle owned by the museum comprise Prussian and Russian coins, small iron crosses, money pouches, uniform buttons found during archaeological excavations at the battlefield. The Museum is also the main organiser of the annual battle enactment, which has been held for several years now, with the participation of groups from Russia, Poland, Lithuania and Belarus.

Apart from this, the Museum also shows exhibits related to the history and culture of Prussians (the Natangians) and the most contemporary days of Bagrationovsk.
The Museum also holds temporary exhibitions, museum lessons for children and teenagers as well as tours of the town and local area following historical monuments.

Museum of the History of the Bagrationovsk Region
10 Kaliningrad Street, Bagrationovsk, Russian Federation
tel. 00 74015632084, e-mail:

The project is co-financed from the funds of the European Regional Development Fund, under the framework of the Lithuania,
Poland and Kaliningrad Region of the Russian Federation Neighbourhood Programme INTERREG IIIA.